What is inside of a palm tree? We'll help you take a journey into its core.
It's fun to see what's going on beneath palm surface areas. We've studies these innards, so we could get a grip on what's going on in there. Plus, to help you out for easily for understanding what's going on, too.
Try this captivating trip to look at a palm's inner workings, the secrets it holds within. Starting from the roots & going upward, we'll take you there.
From the winding root system, then along the trunks - with all their varieties. Ending up in the leaf crown, with the structure of the fronds.
We were amazed to find the uniqueness there, inside of a palm tree. When we first learned this stuff!
Like quite no other plant! We think you'll be amazed, too.
Parts of palms have exact purposes. Looking inside, you'll see the uniqueness the structures inside of a palm tree have. Crucial for a palm's growth & survival.
Pick out your interest by clicking a button. Or continue scrolling for the whole understanding.
The seed sends out a sprout, forming the start of the root. Not long after that, the Root Initiation Zone forms. It replaces that first sprouted root. Shaping itself at the stem's base.
Then depending on the Palm Species, extending a bit upward into the lower trunk.
Growing out from the stem are those called adventitious roots.
These roots begin growing out at their full width. As you'll learn about the trunk, palm roots don't have secondary growth. The initial girth is as wide as they'll ever get.
They branch to three levels, though. Each somewhat thinner than the one before.
Palm roots can spread outward widely. They anchor the palm firmly in the ground. Yet compared to woody trees, palm roots are somewhat shallow.
Unlike a palm above ground, roots can regrow.
Root design is also kind of different, for a palm's nourishment. As opposed to woody trees, palm's primarily feed from the ground's upper soils. That's why we all know palms generally need regular watering.
Some palms develop roots above the soil.
Second level roots of some palms can absorb oxygen. They're called pneumatophores.
Palms grow with a single treelike trunk (also called stems). But also they can take a shrub-like form, with many trunks coming from the roots.
Surprising to many, trunks can grow vine-like. Climbing upward using another plant for anchoring.
Only the genera Hyphaene & Nypa produce branching trunks.
Whichever way they grow, the inside of a palm tree trunk will be the same. Although there are many styles to the trunk's outer covering. Which is not bark.
Palms aren't actually true trees. Their trunk functions are quite different from woody trees of forests & meadows. Like an oak, birch or spruce. These have an inner network to get their nourishment. Compared to blood vessel networks in humans.
Palms Don't Have These Pathways.
Instead there are separate bundled parts of the palm tree. They're scattered through the trunks & stems. These bundles use conductive tissues & tons of separate vascular strands. They transport water & nutrients throughout the plant.
This uniquely palmy system inside of a palm tree is its lifeblood.
Because of the inside of a palm tree trunk's structure, palm processes are distinct.
With aging, inside of a palm tree trunk gets more solidly strong at the edges.
As a Monocot Palm, the little nourishment packs that grow inside of the palm tree trunk are a finite number. So...
Palms inability to have secondary growth has other effects. During the establishment phase, they're at their most unstable time. If anything goes wrong, it will be difficult to overcome. Also...
How important are the insides of palm tree leaves?! They have a specialized structure made for capturing sunlight. Producing food in their cellular photosynthesis factories.
The newest true seedling leaves (eophylls) don't look at all like their adult form. They usually sprout with one (entire) seed leaf. Sometimes with two (bifid) leaves.
The first parts of a palm leaf (frond), are the sheath (base) & the petiole (stem).
These leaf stems are tube-like inside & have walls strengthened with masses of fibers.
AGAINST THE WIND
Specialized parts are inside of a palm tree leaf. Helping the plant to weather a windstorm without damage. How is that you ask?
The leaf base (sheath) supports these wind stresses, maintaining the frond on the stem.
Throughout the inner frond structure are ribs, braced with strong fibers.
Most palm flowers are extremely small, with muted coloring. They all grow out on an inflorescence. Which is the usually long & branched stalk for all the palm's flowers. Which are almost always closely set together. That's how palm flowers can look flashy.
The structure of inflorescences can help with Palm Identification. More details of the inner workings of palm flowering physiology are known. But really, much is unknown say notable botanists, still yet to be discovered.
BRACHTS are specialized leaves with a woody consistency. They protect young, growing inflorescences.
PALM FLOWER GENDERS
Flower structure in the palm world is quite variable. Yet palm flowers have 3 types of genders. Arranged on palm trees in several ways.
Palm flower arrangement also varies. A lot depends on if they're Monoecious vs Dioecious.
Mediterranean Fan Palm or European Fan Palm
The Chamaerops humilis is Usually Dioecious - BUT FOR EXCEPTIONS!
PALM FLOWER PARTS
Male Flowers - The stamen contains reproductive organ parts.
Female Flowers - The stigma contains reproductive organ parts.
Pollination - When the male's pollen reaches & sticks to the female's stigma.
Pollen sticks to the style. Then works its way down the style, arriving at the female ovary. Starting the fertilization process, leading to fruit & seed production.
Most Palm Tree Fruits are fleshy & contain one seed. With a thick covering around the inner seed. They're called drupes.
On what's inside of a palm tree fruit, think of the term -carp. Coming from the Greek word Karpos, which related to mythology about bearing fruit.
The ways that the inside of a palm tree evolved gave them growth & nurturing capabilities. But a side effect to this, was giving palms a survival strategies. Helping them to thrive & continue growing in their endemic environments.
WHAT IS THAT SECRET SIDE EFFECT?
Their secret is how well palms stand up to strong winds. Well, let me stretch that a bit! As they won't stand up straight in behemoth wind storms. Like hurricanes or typhoons. I think you must've seen the photos of palms bending in a massive storm.
Some compare these side effects to reinforced concrete columns!
The outer edges are stronger & more dense than inner areas. Because of the inside of a palm tree trunk's construction. That's why palm trees usually sway & bend with the wind. And rarely do they break.
Now that you've seen much of the insides of a palm tree, we think you'll realize how unique these plants are!
The structure of palms are totally different from the typical woodland tree. As they're not a true tree, at all. Many have a tree-like structure, called Solitary Palms. Others are more like bushes, referred to as Clumping palms.
Whatever the growing structure they take, palms have their own way of processing all they need. And coping with the world around them.